Lý thuyết và bài tập Chuyên đề: Động từ khuyết thiếu - Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang

A. LÝ THUYẾT CHUNG

I. KHÁI NIỆM

- Gồm can, could, may, might, must, ought, had better, will, would, shall, should

- + V nguyên thể

- Chỉ khả năng, sự chắc chắn, sự cho phép, nghĩa vụ

Lưu ý:

- Không có TO ở nguyên mẫu và không có TO khi có động từ theo sau.

They can speak French and English.

- Không có S ở ngôi thứ ba số ít thì Hiện tại.

He can use our phone.

- Chỉ có nhiều nhất là 2 thì: Thì Hiện tại và thì Quá khứ đơn.

She can cook meals.

She could cook meals when she was twelve

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_______________________________________ 6 Laura gave me her address, but I didn’t write it down. Now I can’t remember it.  I ____________________________________________________ 7 I was driving behind another car. Suddenly the driver in front stopped without and I drove into the back of his car. It wasn’t my fault.  The driver in front ____________________________________________ 8 I walked into a wall.I was looking behind me. I wasn’t looking where I was going.  ____________________________________________________ Bài 2: a/ Put in must or can't 1 You've been travelling all day. You must be tired. 2 That restaurant .... be very good. It's always full of people. 3 That restaurant .... be very good. It's always empty. 4 I'm sure I gave you the key. You .... have it. Have you looked in your bag? Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 18 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang 5 You're going on holiday next week. You .... be looking forward to it. 6 It rained every day during their holiday so they .... have had a very nice time. 7 Congratulations on passing your exam You .... be very pleased. 8 You got here very quickly. You .... have walked very fast. 9 Bill and Sue always travel business class so they .... be short of money. b/ Put in must or can't 1 You've been travelling all day. You must be tired. 2 That restaurant .... be very good. It's always full of people. 3 That restaurant .... be very good. It's always empty. 4 I'm sure I gave you the key. You .... have it. Have you looked in your bag? 5 You're going on holiday next week. You .... be looking forward to it. 6 It rained every day during their holiday so they .... have had a very nice time. 7 Congratulations on passing your exam You .... be very pleased. 8 You got here very quickly. You .... have walked very fast. 9 Bill and Sue always travel business class so they .... be short of money. c/ Read the situations and use the words in bracket to write sentences with must have and can't have. 1 The phone rang, but I didn't hear it. (I/asleep)  I must have been asleep. 2 Sue hasn't contacted me.(she/get/my message)  She can't have got my message. Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 19 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang 3 The jacket you bought it very good quality. (it/very expensive)  ____________________________________________________ 4 I haven't seen the people next door for ages. (they/go away)  ____________________________________________________ 5 I can't find my umbrella. (I/leave/it in the restaurant last night)  ____________________________________________________ 6 Dave, who is usually very friendly, walked past me without speaking. (he/see/me)  ____________________________________________________ 7 There was a man standing outside the café. (he/wait/for somebody)  ____________________________________________________ 8 Liz did the opposite of what I asked her to do. (she/understand/what I said)  ____________________________________________________ 9 When I got back to my car, the door was unlocked. (I/forget/to lock it)  ____________________________________________________ 10 I was woken up in the night bu the noise next door. (the neighbours/have/a party)  ____________________________________________________ Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 20 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang 11 The light was red, but the car didn't stop. (the driver/see/the red light)  ____________________________________________________ Bài 3: 1. “Was that Chris in class?” – “It ______. Chris left last week.” A. couldn't have been B. couldn't C. could have been D. couldn't have 2. The car plunged into the river. The driver ______ out, but the passengers were drowned. A. is able to get B. could get C. was able to get D. can get 3. When I first went to England, I ______ English, but I ______ it. A. can read/ can’t speak B. can read/ couldn’t speak C. could read/ couldn’t speak D. could read/ can’t speak 4. “Shall I tell John about it?” – “No, you ______. I’ve told him already.” A. needn’t B. wouldn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t 5. You ______ reheat the pie. We can eat it cold. A. needn’t B. must C. mustn’t D. should have 6. He’s not answering the phone; he ______ a shower. A. must be having Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 21 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang B. can’t be having C. might have D. must have 7. You ______ told Mark. You knew it was a secret. A. should have B. shouldn't have C. might have D. couldn't have 8. The house is completely dark and silent, so there ______ be anyone at home. A. needn’t B. can’t C. mustn’t D. ought to 9. As my grandfather ______ say, "life is not easy". A. need B. ought C. would D. must 10. I ______ them a map. They all got lost! A. should have given B. must have given C. would have given D. ought to give 11. You ______ to come if you are tired. A. mustn’t B. can’t C. don’t have D. may not 12. The man was found unconscious at the foot of the cliff. He ______ have fallen 200 meters. A. needn’t B. must C. should D. mustn’t 13. Tomorrow is a holiday. We ______ go to work. Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 22 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang A. have to B. mustn’t C. aren’t allowed D. don’t have to 14. Food is not allowed in class. You ______ bring it in. A. don’t need to B. don’t have to C. mustn’t D. need not 15. You’ve been working non-stop for ten hours. You ______ be really tired. A. should B. must C. would rather D. ought to 16. You ______ do it unless you want to. A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. should D. may not 17. I ______ the parking fine immediately. Now I have to go to court! A. will have to pay B. oughtn’t to have paid C. should have paid D. might have to pay 18. Tom ______ to clean up his room. It's a mess. A. must B. got C. has got D. have got 19. The fortune teller predicted that ______ inherit a big fortune before the end of this year. A. will B. she will C. would D. she would Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 23 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang 20. When the fog lifts, we ______ where we are. A. could see B. will be able to see C. must have seen D. are seeing 21. ______ I post the letter for you on the way to the office? A. Shall B. Would C. Will D. Do 22. Before anyone steps on that stage, you ______ make sure that it is secure. A. would better B. had better C. would rather D. would prefer 23. I ______ to drive my daughter to the airport tomorrow. A. must B. can C. will have D. needn’t 24. He ______ swim across this river. A. was able to B. must C. may D. can 25. You’d better ______ working so hard. A. stop B. to stop C. stopped D. to stopping 26. By 2030, it ______ possible to travel faster than the speed of light. A. may be B. must be C. should be D. might have been Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 24 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang 27. My parents ______ the tickets so long in advance, as the concert was nearly empty. A. ought to have booked B. needn’t have booked C. didn’t need to book D. don’t have to 28. Although no one can prevent you from spending your own money, you ______ save it for a rainy day. A. would better B. better C. had better D. would rather 29. When I’ve passed my driving test, I ______ hire a car from our local garage. A. will have B. would be able to C. can be able to D. will be able to 30. If you had to, ______ you go without food and drink? A. can B. could C. must D. will 31. I want this letter typed, but you ______ do it today. Tomorrow will do. A. must B. needn’t C. couldn’t D. mustn’t 32. We ______ forget to shut the lift gates. A. should B. must C. mustn’t D. needn’t 33. “______ you like to play a game of tennis?” - “I’d love to.” A. Could B. Will Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 25 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang C. Do D. Would 34. The swimmer was very tired, but he ______ the shore before he collapsed. A. was able to reach B. can reach C. could reach D. has reached 35. "What about your English exam this morning?" - "I ______ it, I knew the course by heart and answered all the questions." A. would have passed B. ought to have passed C. am supposed to pass D. could pass 36. “______ you hand me that book, please?” – “Sure. Here it is.” A. Would B. Should C. Must D. May 37. The spy ______ tell anyone about his mission. It is top secret. A. hasn’t got to B. mustn’t C. doesn’t have to D. doesn’t need to 38. If there are people suffering from cancer in your family, you ______ be at risk of getting it. A. need B. had better C. may D. must 39. I got lost and ______ ask a policeman the way. A. have to B. must have to C. had to D. would 40. “I left my bike here and now it’s gone.” - “Someone ______ stolen it.” Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 26 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang A. must have B. should have C. couldn’t have D. needn’t have Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 27 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98

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