Những hoạt động thực tiễn giúp tăng hiệu quả của học trực tuyến

Học trực tuyến đang phát triển mạnh mẽ, nhất là trong giai đoạn dịch Covid 19

bùng nổ khắp nơi trên thế giới. Hình thức học này được đánh giá là giải pháp phù hợp nhất

trong thời dịch, đem lại kết quả cao cho việc dạy và học. Tuy nhiên, thay vì tương tác trực tiếp

với giáo viên trên lớp theo kiểu truyền thống, việc học trực tuyến yêu cầu người học sử dụng

máy tính hoặc điện thọai để tham gia lớp học, và điều này hình thành những bất cập khi áp

dụng hình thức học tập này ví dụ như học sinh dễ bị xao nhãng, cảm thấy tẻ nhát không tập

trung. Bài báo này chia sẻ kinh nghiệm để giảm thiểu những khó khăn của giáo dục trực tuyến,

và đưa ra một số giải pháp giúp tăng hiệu quả của việc học trực tuyến lên cao nhất có thể.

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42 NHỮNG HOẠT ĐỘNG THỰC TIỄN GIÚP TĂNG HIỆU QUẢ CỦA HỌC TRỰC TUYẾN Hoàng Thị Kiều Hoa Trường Đại học Hà Nội Tóm tắt: Học trực tuyến đang phát triển mạnh mẽ, nhất là trong giai đoạn dịch Covid 19 bùng nổ khắp nơi trên thế giới. Hình thức học này được đánh giá là giải pháp phù hợp nhất trong thời dịch, đem lại kết quả cao cho việc dạy và học. Tuy nhiên, thay vì tương tác trực tiếp với giáo viên trên lớp theo kiểu truyền thống, việc học trực tuyến yêu cầu người học sử dụng máy tính hoặc điện thọai để tham gia lớp học, và điều này hình thành những bất cập khi áp dụng hình thức học tập này ví dụ như học sinh dễ bị xao nhãng, cảm thấy tẻ nhát không tập trung. Bài báo này chia sẻ kinh nghiệm để giảm thiểu những khó khăn của giáo dục trực tuyến, và đưa ra một số giải pháp giúp tăng hiệu quả của việc học trực tuyến lên cao nhất có thể. Từ khóa: Dạy học online, quizizz, kahoot, mentimeter, Jeopardy labs Abstract: Online learning is booming during Covid 19 outbreak and it is considered as the most relevant solution for teaching and learning which definitely brings positive results. However, there are still some drawback while applying this type of learning. This paper is to share some knowledge to minimize the negative site of online education. Keywords: Online education, quizizz, kahoot, mentimeter, Jeopardy labs PRACTICAL ACTIVITIES TO INCREASE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ONLINE EDUCATION A. Introduction 1) Online education definition Online education (also known as e-learning) is a method of virtual learning through an electronic device such as a computer or a smartphone which connects to a server in another place with electronic lessons and necessary software to be able to ask / request / give questions for students to study from a distance. Teachers can transmit images and audio via broadband or wireless connection (WiFi, WiMAX). Particularly, when Covid started in late 2019 all around the world, online learning is on top priority, offering learning programs to students of all levels remotely. 2) Online education in Vietnam Online education takes up a number of forms, however, in Vietnam there are three main forms. The first form is teaching on TV. Programs under control of Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training are delivered via television channel. These include Maths, Literature, English, Physics, Chemistry, History, etc. With this method, a teacher delivers the lesson with whiteboard like in a real classroom, however, their teaching will 43 be fully captured and broadcasted on TV. The audience of VTV7 channel are mainly students who choose the subject to join. The second form of online education is teaching on social networks which becomes a popular method nowadays. YouTube is one of the hottest platform with more than 1 billion users. In Vietnam, the average person spends more than 50% of their total online time for YouTube. It can be said that this is the effective foundation to support online teaching with diverse and detailed lessons content. Similar to YouTube, Facebook also has a large number of users. Many centers and teachers have set up groups and pages on Facebook to post lessons and use it as a main channel for teaching which is easy to perform, free of charge and teachers can interact directly with students via Livestream or messenger. The third form is using software to support online training. Under the complicated situation of the current Covid-19 epidemic, this form becomes very popular now in Vietnam, where schools of all levels choose software as the official way to deliver teaching and learning activities. These include: Zoom, Microsoft Teams and Google Meets. B. Practical activities to increase the effectiveness of online education Online education is supposed to bring a number of benefits. Leaners are able to participate remotely anywhere so it saves time traveling. Education organizations also save a great amount of money for electric, water supply and furniture depreciation. Almost all of the software for online learning have the recording function, so students might be able to review the lesson as many times as they want. On the contrary, there are drawbacks when applying online learning. One of these is the lack of interaction between teacher and students, and among students themselves. There is limitation when students want to discuss with the teacher and with their friends. Secondly, students might get bored and are easily distracted by social network notifications, news and other online stuff rather than concentrate on the lesson. As many students struggle to focus and motivate themselves during online lessons, it is highly recommended that teachers should build up ways to improve engagement and motivation for students. A nice voice and intonation would help create interest in learning for students. The lesson content should be well organized. Besides, teachers should integrate interactive e-learning activities. These includes quizzes, e- learning games, graphic organizers, and collaborative activities. 1) Quizzes Quizzes are a good way to not only test students’ knowledge but add a bit of a challenge/competition to your lesson to motivate learners. Moreover, many interactive quizzes also provide a good opportunity to provide feedback by reviewing common 44 mistakes. The following quizzes are highly recommended:  quizizz.com  kahoot.com  mentimeter.com  Jeopardy labs a) Quizizz Students answer all questions in a race against the clock. Feedback can only be provided after all students complete the quiz. b) Kahoot Students answer one question at a time, which allows you to provide review and feedback after each question which is more teacher directed. c) Mentimeter Mentimeter can be used as a standalone quiz or can be used as a completely interactive slideshow. It also allows you to ask more open-ended discussion questions and displays results in real time 45 d) Jeopardy Jeopardy provides the same pedagogical function as other quizzes but in more of a game-like manner which allows for some group work. 2) E-learning games Games provide another way to increase students’ engagement and motivation. When used in the right way, they can also provide an effective means of learning. a) Scavenger Hunt Scavenger Hunt is a pretty simple idea that can be used to make any activity into a “game” by splitting students into groups and give them a list of questions, then task students with finding the answers to the questions. Students can work collaboratively to complete the task in their group Once they find all the answers, students can complete a short Google form to lock in their time The first group to get all the answers correct wins. b) PowerPoint Games There are many PowerPoint templates available that allow you to create interactive elements in your slideshow. Some examples include spinning wheels, tic tac 46 toe, connect four and more. They can be used to gamify basic parts of a lesson (ie. by awarding points for correct answers) or they can be used for specific pedagogical purposes. C. Conclusion Online education is undoubtedly becoming more and more popular these days since it brings lots of benefits to both learners and schools, but how to effectively carry out this type of learning requires a teacher to build up interesting content and techniques by integrating practical activities to the lesson. REFERENCES 1. https://tekhnologic.wordpress.com/2018/04/30/the-spinning-wheel-2018/ 2. https://www.mentimeter.com/ 3. https://quizizz.com/ 4. https://jeopardylabs.com/

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