Lý thuyết & bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ (Có đáp án) - Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang

Phần 1: Lý Thuyết về Mệnh đề quan hệ

I. ĐỊNH NGHĨA

- Mệnh đề quan hệ (relative clause) hay còn gọi là mệnh đề tính ngữ (adjective clause) là

một mệnh đề phụ, có chức năng như một tính từ được dùng để giải thích rõ hơn hoặc bổ

nghĩa cho danh từ đứng trước nó. Mệnh đề quan hệ đứng ngay sau danh từ mà nó bổ nghĩa.

- Mệnh đề quan hệ được bắt đầu bằng một đại từ quan hệ (relative pronouns: WHO,

WHOM, WHICH, WHOSE, THAT) hoặc trạng từ quan hệ (relative adverb: WHEN,

WHERE, WHY)

Ví dụ: This is the house which he bought two years ago.

(Đây là ngôi nhà anh ấy mua hai năm trước)

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........... was on the table? A. who B. which C. where D. whom 23. Where is the picture ............................ was on the wall? A. when B. where C. which D. who 24 .I don’t like people ............................ never stop talking. A. who B. which C. whom D. whose 25.Why does she always wear clothes .............................. are too small for her? A. which B. who C. whose D. where 26. The factory .................. John works in is the biggest in town. A. when B. where C. which D. how 27. Have you ever seen the photographs ...................... Ann took? A. that B. where C. when D. who 28. Everybody ........................ went to the party enjoyed it very much. A. that B. whose C. which D. who 29. 1945 was the year ........................ the second world war ended. GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 26 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 A. which B. why C. when D. where 30. Is there a shop near hear ........................ I can buy a postcard? A. when B. which C. where D. who GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 27 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 Exercise 3: Kết hợp các câu sau bằng cách sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ 1. The first boy has just moved. He knows the truth. .. .. 2. I don’t remember the man. You said you met him at the canteen last week. .. .. 3. The only thing is how to go home. It make me worried. .. .. 4. The most beautiful girl lives city. I like her long hair very much. .. .. 5. He was Tom. I met him at the bar yesterday. .. .. 6. The children often go swimming on Sundays. They have much free time then. .. .. 7. They are looking for the man and his dog. They have lost the way in the forest. .. .. GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 28 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 8. The tree has lovely flowers. The tree stands near the gate of my house. .. .. 9. My wife wants you to come to dinner. You were speaking to my wife .. .. 10. The last man has just returned from the farm. I want to talk to him at once. .. .. 11. The students will be awarded the present. The students’ reports are very valuable. .. .. 12. The book was a lovely story. I was reading it yesterday. .. .. 13. The botanist will never forget the day. He found a strange plant on that day. .. .. 14. Someone is phoning you. He looked for you three hours ago. .. .. 15. The man works for my father’s company. The man’s daughter is fond of dancing. .. .. GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 29 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 Exercise 4: Điền WHO, WHICH, WHOSE: 1. He arrived with a friend ______ waited outside in the car. 2. The man ______ mobile was ringing did not know what to do. 3. The car ______ the robbers escaped in was a BMW. 4. The woman ______ daughter was crying tried to calm her down. 5. The postman ______ works in the village is very old. 6. The family ______ car was stolen last week is the Smiths. 7. The cowboy ______ is wearing a red shirt looks very funny. 8. A bus is a big car ______ carries lots of people. 9. The volunteers, ______ enthusiasm was obvious, finished the work quickly. 10. Children ______ like music are often good at mathematics. 11. The engineers ______ designed the building received an award. 12. The girl ______ recited the poem is my niece. 13. The townspeople, ______ pride in their community is well- known, raised enough money to build a new town hall. 14. The Pacific Ocean, ______ might have been crossed by raft during the Stone Age, is the world’s largest ocean. 15. The newspaper to ______ we subscribe is delivered regularly. GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 30 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 Exercise 5: Rút gọn các câu sau bằng cách sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ 1. The man who is standing there is a clown. 2. The envelop which lies on the table has no stamp on it. 3. Benzene, which was discovered by Faraday, became the starting point in the manufacture of many dyes, perfumes and explosives. 4. My grandmother, who is old and sick, never goes out of the house. 5. The student don't know how to do exercise which were given by the teacher yesterday. 6. The diagrams which were made by young Faraday were sent to Sir Humphry Davy at the end of 1812. 7. The gentleman who lives next door to me is a well-known orator. 8. All the astronauts who are orbiting the earth in space capsules are weightless. 9. All students don't hand in their papers will fail in the exam. 10. I saw many houses that were destroyed by the storm. 11. The street which leads to the school is very wide. 12. The system which is used here is very successful. 13. John, who teaches my son, is my neighbor. 14. Trains which leave from this station take an hour to get to London. 15. The candidates who are sitting for the exam are all from Vietnam. 16. We are driving on the road which was built in 1980. 17. Customers who complain about the service should see the manager. 18. The city which was destroyed during the war has now been rebuilt. 19. My brother, who met you yesterday, works for a big firm. 20. The vegetable which are sold in this shop are grown without chemicals. GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 31 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 Exercise 6: Viết lại các câu sau bằng cách sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ sao cho không làm thay đổi nghĩa của câu 1. A man phoned and asked for yọu. He spoke with a foreign accent -> The man... 2. The Night Manager was written by John le Carre. It's about a man who works in a hotẹl -> John le Carre... 3. Our party belives in that idea. I say this from the bottom of my heart. -> That is an idea... 4. Atlanta is a city. The Olympic Games were held in Atlanta. -> Atlanta... 5. Both her sons work abroad. They ring her up every week. -> Her sons,... 6. I told you about a persọn. She is at the door. -> the person... 7. Jack's car had broken down. He had to take a bus -> Jack,... 8. i bought a new computer. It cost me a lot of monẹy -> The new.... 9. I got a traịn. I wanted to go to a station. The train dídnt stop there. -> the train i.. 10. this is the bạnk . We borrowed the money from ịt -> this is the bank from... GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 32 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 ĐÁP ÁN Exercise 1: 1.B 3.B 5.A 7.C 9.A 11.B 13.C 15.D 17.D 19.D 2.C 4.D 6.A 8.C 10.B 12.C 14.B 16.D 18.B 20.B 21.D 23.B 25.A 27.B 29.D 31.A 33.A 35.B 37.B 39.B 22.A 24.B 26.D 28.C 30.B 32.A 34.B 36.D 38.B 40.C GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 33 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 Exercise 2: 1.A 3.C 5.B 7.B 9.C 11.D 13.C 15.B 17.A 19.C 21.A 23.C 25.A 27.A 29.C 2.B 4.A 6.B 8.B 10.D 12.B 14.A 16.A 18.A 20.B 22.B 24.A 26.C 28.D 30.C GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 34 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 Exercise 3: 1. The first boy who knows the truth has just moved. 2. I don’t remember the man whom you said you met at the canteen last week. 3. The only thing which make me worried is how to go home. 4. The most beautiful girl, whose long hair I like very much, lives in this city. 5. The man whom I met at the bar yesterday was Tom. 6. The children often go swimming on Sundays when they have much free time. 7. They’re looking for the man and his dog that have lost the way in the forest. 8. The tree which stands near the gate of my house has lovely flowers. 9. My wife, whom you were speaking to, wants you to come to dinner. 10. I want to talk to the last man who has just returned from the farm. 11. The students whose report are very valuable will be awarded the present. 12. The book which I was reading yesterday was a lovely story. 13. The botanist will never forget the day when he found a strange plant. 14. The person who looked for you three hours ago is phoning you. 15. The man whose daughter is fond of dancing works for my father’s company. GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 35 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 Exercise 4: 1.Who 2.Whose 3.Which 4.Whose 5.Who 6.Whose 7.Who 8.Which 9.Whose 10.Who 11.Who 12.Who 13.Whose 14.Which 15.Which GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 36 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 Exercise 5: 1. The man standing there is a clown. 2. The envelop lies on the table has no stamp on it. 3. Benzene, discovered by Faraday, became the starting point in the manufacture of many dyes, perfumes and explosives. 4. My grandmother, being old and sick, never goes out of the house. 5. The student don't know how to do exercise given by the teacher yesterday. 6. The diagrams made by young Faraday were sent to Sir Humphry Davy at the end of 1812. 7. The gentleman living next door to me is a well-known orator. 8. All the astronauts orbiting the earth in space capsules are weightless. 9. All students not handing in their papers will fail in the exam. 10. I saw many houses destroyed by the storm. 11. The street leading to the school is very wide. 12. The system used here is very successful. 13. John, teaching my son, is my neighbor. 14. Trains leaving from this station take an hour to get to London. 15. The candidates sitting for the exam are all from Vietnam. 16. We are driving on the road built in 1980. 17. Customers complaining about the service should see the manager. 18. The city destroyed during the war has now been rebuilt. 19. My brother, meeting you yesterday, works for a big firm. 20. The vegetable sold in this shop are grown without chemicals. GV: Nguyễn Quỳnh Trang Facebook: lopcoquynhtrang Moon.vn - Học để khẳng định mình 37 Hotline: 0432 99 98 98 Exercise 6: 1-> The man who spoke with a foreign accent phoned and asked for yọu 2-> John le Carre..wrote the Night Manager, which is about a man whoworks in a hotel. 3-> That is an idea in which our party believes, which is said from the bottom of my heart . -> That is an idea which/that our party believes in, which is said from the bottom of my heart . 4-> Atlanta.is a city which The Olympic Games were held in -> Atlanta.is a city where/ in which The Olympic Games were held . 5-> Her sons,both of whom work abroad, ring her up every week.. -> Her sons,who both work abroad, ring her up every week.. 6 -> the person..who I told you about is at the door. -> the person..about whom I told you is at the door. 7-> Jack, whose car had broken down, had to take a bus 8 -> The new computer which I bought cost me a lot of monẹy 9-> the train I got didn't stop at the station which/that I wanted to go to 10-> this is the bank from which we borrowed the money.

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